ANTI-SLAVERY
SOCIETY

FIGHTING SLAVERY TODAY


Exodus from slavery
in French West Africa

Engraving of a child in Banamba.

In 1906 thousands of slaves resisted their masters and ran away from slavery across a wide area of Afrique occidentale française (French West Africa).  The exodus had started in 1905, but the French administration had forced them to return to their masters.  The exodus resumed in 1906 in Banamba, a small town in what was then known as Haut-Sénégal-Niger and is now Mali.  Most of the slaves returned to their own villages from which they had been taken.  This great exodus continued for several years.

Earlier French colonial administrators had returned slaves to their masters on the pretext that they were vagabonds.  Lieutenant Governeur (Lieutenant Governor) William Merlaud-Ponty refused to do so.

 

Slavery as a significant institution collapsed.

 

It finally came to an end after World War I when slaves who had enlisted in the French Army and who had fought in France on the western front returned home and, after having experienced freedom, and infected by the political rhetoric of the French Republic about liberty and equality, refused to resume their old roles as slaves to their former masters.  However, many women continued as slaves.



 

 

 

inks to other sites also dealing with the abolition of slavery in the British Empire:

British campaign against slavery

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1786-1846)

Thomas Clarkson  (1760-1845)

Granville Sharp (1735-1813)

Slave Trade Act 1807

Slave Trade Act 1843

Slavery Abolition Act 1833

Joseph Sturge (1793-1859)

William Wilberforce  (1759-1833)


Links to pages dealing with the abolition of slavery in the USA:

Vermont

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Abraham Lincoln

American Civil War

13th Amendment to the Bill of Rights


Links to pages dealing with the abolition of slavery in other countries:

Denmark

Peter Van Scholtenc


Links to other pages dealing with slavery:

Does slavery still exist?

SLAVERY SLAVE
TRADE
HUMAN
SACRIFICE

BONDED
LABOR

HIERODULIC
SERVITUDE

TRAFFICKING

CHILD
LABOR

 © 2003 by the Anti-Slavery Society. The text on any page may be reproduced provided that the source is acknowledged.  This does not apply to photos.